Tenofovir is eliminated from systemic circulation renally through a combination of glomerular filtration and active tubular secretion. Tenofovir is not a substrate for human organic cation transporter type 1 (hOCT1) or hOCT2. Tenofovir accumulates to fivefold lower levels in MRP4-overexpressing cells, and its accumulation could be increased by an MRP inhibitor.Tenofovir inhibits the proliferation of liver-derived HepG2 cells and normal skeletal muscle cells with CC(50) values of 398 mM and 870 mM, respectively. Tenofovir shows substantially weaker effects on proliferation and viability of renal proximal tubule epithelial cells than cidofovir, a related nucleotide analog with the potential to induce renal tubular dysfunction.
|Solubility (25°C)||DMSO 128 mg/mL
Water <1 mg/mL
Powder -20°C 3 years ; 4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months ; -20°C 1 month
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of Compound A used for a mouse (20 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 20 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for Compound A of 10 mg/kg.
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