Violacein is a bacterial metabolite originally isolated from C. violaceum that has antibacterial and antiprotozoal activities. Violacein is active against Gram-positive bacteria, including B. subtilis and S. aureus (MICs = 0.8 and 1.6 µM, respectively). It is also active against P. falciparum, including chloroquine-susceptible and -resistant strains (IC50s = 0.85 and 0.63 µM, respectively). It reduces parasitemia in a mouse model of nonlethal P. chabaudi chabaudi infection when administered at a dose of 7.5 mg/kg and increases survival in a mouse model of lethal P. chabaudi chabaudi infection. Violacein permeabilizes the cytoplasmic membrane of bacterial cells but does not affect the cell wall.
|Storage||-20°C, protect from light|
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of Compound A used for a mouse (20 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 20 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for Compound A of 10 mg/kg.
Insulin glargine is a long-acting insulin analog. Insulin glargine can be used for the research of diabetes mellitus.
Insulin aspart (B28Asp) is a fast-acting analog of human insulin. Insulin aspart can be used for researching diabetes.
Insulin lispro is a recombinant human insulin analogue and is one of three rapid-acting insulin analogues available. Insulin lispro can be used for the research of hyperglycaemia in diabetes mellitus.
Insulin degludec is an ultra-long-acting form of insulin, shows binding efficiency with an IC50 value of 19.59 nM/L for insulin receptor. Insulin degludec can be used for the research of type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
TA-3166 (Megakaryocytes/platelets inducing agent) is a novel chemically synthesized c-MPL agonist (CMA) and thrombopoietin (TPO) receptor agonist. TA-316 enhances ex vivo platelet generation from human-induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells.
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