β-Glycerophosphate is a classical serine-threonine phosphatase inhibitor used in kinase reaction buffers. β-Glycerophosphate disodium salt hydrate is often used in combination with other phosphatase/protease inhibitors for broad spectrum inhibition. It functions as an organic phosphate donor and has been used in culture media for mesenchymal stem cell differentiation to osteoblast-type cells. BGP is also used to buffer M17 media for Lactococcus culture in recombinant protein expression.
|Cell lines||BVSMC bovine vascular smooth muscle cells|
|Preparation method||BVSMCs were cultured in DMEM medium containing 10 mmol/L sodium pyruvate and 15% FBS. After confluence, the cells were seeded in DMEM containing 10 mmol/L sodium pyruvate, 15% FBS, 10 mmol/L β-glycerophosphate, 10-7 mol/L insulin and 50 μg/mL ascorbic acid, and cultured for 14 days (calcification culture) base). The medium was changed every 3 days. In some experiments, only beta-glycerophosphate was used to induce BVSMC calcification. In addition, in the time course experiment, cells were selected as controls before culturing in calcified medium (defined as day 0).|
|Incubation time||14 d|
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of Compound A used for a mouse (20 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 20 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for Compound A of 10 mg/kg.
|Solubility||Water 50 mg/mL|
|Storage||2-8°C, protect from light, dry, sealed|
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|Menadione bisulfite sodium
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