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Cat. No. M10629
Troxerutin Structure
Size Price Availability Quantity
100mg USD 40  USD40 In stock
500mg USD 60  USD60 In stock
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Quality Control
  • Current batch:
  • Purity >98%
  • COA
  • MSDS
Biological Activity

Troxerutin, also known as vitamin P4, is a tri-hydroxyethylated derivative of natural bioflavonoid rutins which can inhibit the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and depress ER stress-mediated NOD activation. Pretreatment with Troxerutin (5 and 10 μM) causes a decrease in the number of cells in the sub G1 phase, indicative of cell death. In the control and Troxerutin-only-treated cells, 3.58±0.15 and 0.89±0.11% are 2′7′-dichlorofluorescein (DCF)-positive (P<0.05), whereas treatment with H2O2 alone increases the level of ROS to 46.36±2.33%. The cells pretreated with Troxerutin are 19.92±1.95% DCF-positive following H2O2 treatment, indicating that Troxerutin reduces the H2O2-induced production of ROS in the HDP cells. Oral administration of Troxerutin notably inhibits those liver injuries in HFD-treated mice, restores glucose intolerance and insulin signaling, and diminishes hepatic gluconeogenesis in HFD-treated mice. Troxerutin remarkably inhibits the nuclear translocation of NF-κB p65, as well as the expressions of its target genes, in the livers of HFD-treated mice. Troxerutin also depresses endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-mediated Nucleotide oligomerization domain (NOD) activation in HFD-treated mouse livers.

Conversion of different model animals based on BSA (Value based on data from FDA Draft Guidelines)
Species Mouse Rat Rabbit Guinea pig Hamster Dog
Weight (kg) 0.02 0.15 1.8 0.4 0.08 10
Body Surface Area (m2) 0.007 0.025 0.15 0.05 0.02 0.5
Km factor 3 6 12 8 5 20
Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by  Animal B Km
Animal A Km

For example, to modify the dose of Compound A used for a mouse (20 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 20 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for Compound A of 10 mg/kg.

Chemical Information
Molecular Weight 742.68
Formula C33H42O19
CAS Number 7085-55-4
Purity >98%
Solubility Soluble in Water
Soluble in DMSO
Storage -20°C, sealed

[1] Zifeng Zhang, et al. Int J Mol Sci. Troxerutin Attenuates Enhancement of Hepatic Gluconeogenesis by Inhibiting NOD Activation-Mediated Inflammation in High-Fat Diet-Treated Mice

[2] Kyung Mi Lim, et al. Mol Med Rep. Analysis of changes in microRNA expression profiles in response to the troxerutin-mediated antioxidant effect in human dermal papilla cells

[3] Reza Badalzadeh, et al. Int J Endocrinol Metab . Beneficial effect of troxerutin on diabetes-induced vascular damages in rat aorta: histopathological alterations and antioxidation mechanism

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