Lamivudine (BCH-189) is a potent nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitor with an IC50 of 2.7 mM. The pH-driven uptake of TEA by BBMV (pHin = 6.0, pHout = 7.5) was inhibited by lamivudine. The IC50 value (concentration resulting in 50% inhibition) for the concentration-dependent effect of lamivudine on TEA uptake by BBMV after 30 s was 2668 uM whereas IC50 values for cimetidine and trimethoprim were < 2.5 uM and < 25 uM, respectively. The early uptake of TEA by BLMV was also reduced significantly by lamivudine. The IC50 value for the concentration-dependent effect of lamivudine on uptake of TEA by BLMV at 30 s was > 25 mM, whereas the IC50 values for cimetidine and trimethoprim were 2116 uM and 445uM, respectively.
|Solubility (25°C)||Water 50 mg/mL
DMSO 50 mg/mL
Powder -20°C 3 years ; 4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months ; -20°C 1 month
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of Compound A used for a mouse (20 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 20 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for Compound A of 10 mg/kg.
 Pedro Cahn, et al. Durable Efficacy of Dolutegravir Plus Lamivudine in Antiretroviral Treatment-Naive Adults With HIV-1 Infection: 96-Week Results From the GEMINI-1 and GEMINI-2 Randomized Clinical Trials
|Related Reverse Transcriptase Products|
Rovafovir etalafenamide (GS-9131), a proagent of the adenosine nucleotide analogue GS-9148, is an orally active nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI). Rovafovir etalafenamide is potent and active against a variety of NRTI mutants, and shows potent anti-HIV-1 activity.
Azvudine (RO-0622) hydrochloride is a potent nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI), with antiviral activity on HIV, HBV and HCV. Azvudine hydrochloride exerts highly potent inhibition on HIV-1 (EC50s ranging from 0.03 to 6.92 nM) and HIV-2 (EC50s ranging from 0.018 to 0.025 nM). Azvudine hydrochloride inhibits NRTI-resistant viral strains.
Azvudine (RO-0622) is a potent nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI), with antiviral activity on HIV, HBV and HCV. Azvudine exerts highly potent inhibition on HIV-1 (EC50s ranging from 0.03 to 6.92 nM) and HIV-2 (EC50s ranging from 0.018 to 0.025 nM). Azvudine inhibits NRTI-resistant viral strains.
Ulonivirine (MK-8507) is an orally active non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor with high antiviral activity.Ulonivirine is used in the study of HIV-1 infection.
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Tenofovir alafenamide (TAF, GS-7340) fumarate is a prodrug of tenofovir but results in significantly higher intracellular tenofovir concentrations and lower serum levels. Tenofovir alafenamide is a novel nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor for the treatment of HIV-1 infection.
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