Indophagolin is a potent, indoline-containing autophagy inhibitor (IC50=140 nM). Indophagolin antagonizes the purinergic receptor P2X4 as well as P2X1 and P2X3 with IC50s of 2.71, 2.40 and 3.49 μM, respectively. Indophagolin also antagonizes the Gq-protein-coupled P2Y4, P2Y6, and P2Y11 receptors (IC50s =3.4~15.4 μM). Indophagolin has a strong antagonistic effect on serotonin receptor 5-HT6 (IC50=1.0 μM) and a moderate effect on receptors 5-HT1B, 5-HT2B, 5-HT4e, and 5-HT7.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of Compound A used for a mouse (20 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 20 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for Compound A of 10 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO ≥ 100 mg/mL|
|Storage||2-8°C, protect from light, sealed|
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Tat-beclin 1, a Beclin 1-derived peptide, is an effective inducer of autophagy and can stimulate autophagy by mobilizing endogenous Beclin 1. Sequence：Tyr-Gly-Arg-Lys-Lys-Arg-Arg-Gln-Arg-Arg-Arg-Gly-Gly-Thr-Asn-Val-Phe-Asn-Ala-Thr-Phe-Glu-Ile-Trp-His-Asp-Gly-Glu-Phe-Gly-Thr
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Sophocarpine is one of the significant alkaloid extracted from the traditional herb medicine Sophora flavescens which has many pharmacological properties such as anti-virus, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory.
S29434 (NMDPEF) is a potent, competitive, selective and cell-permeable inhibitor of quinone reductase 2 (QR2), with IC50s ranging from 5 to 16 nM for human QR2 at different organizational levels, and has good selectivity for QR2 over QR1.
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