Fenretinide (4-HPR) is a synthetic retinoid deriverative. Fenretinide is shown to exhibit binding to the retinoic acid receptors (RAR) at concentrations necessary to induce cell death. Retinoids are substances related to vitamin A. Fenretinide has been investigated for potential use in the treatment of cancer, as well as in the treatment of cystic fibrosis, rheumatoid arthritis, acne, psoriasis, and has been found to also slow the production and accumulation of a toxin that leads to vision loss in Stargardt's patients.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO ≥ 30 mg/mL|
|Related RAR/RXR Products|
HX 531 is a potent antagonist of retinoid X receptors (IC50 = 18 nM).
MM11253 (SR11253) is a high-affinity RARγ-selective retinoid acid (RA) receptor antagonist (IC50 = 44 nM against ATRA for binding RARγ; IC50 =1 μM in case of RARα, RARβ, RXRα).
CD437 is a retinoic acid receptor (RAR)γ-selective agonist, γ-selective retinoid; potent inducer of apoptosis.
Bexarotene is a retinoid specifically selective for retinoid X receptors, used as an oral antineoplastic agent in the treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma.
Tazarotene, a new member of the acetylenic class of RARβ/γ selective retinoids which is approved to treat a variety of skin diseases, exhibits an anti-proliferative effect in human basal cell carcinoma (BCC) by triggering caspase-dependent apoptosis.
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