TTNPB (Arotinoid Acid) is a potent RAR agonist, and inhibits binding of [3H]tRA with IC50 of 5.1 nM, 4.5 nM, and 9.3 nM for human RARα, β, and γ, respectively.
|Cell lines||T47D cells and 184 cells|
|Preparation method||Human mammary epithelial cells are maintained in Mammary Epithelial Basal Medium (MEBM) supplemented with the Mammary Epithelial Growth Media (MEGM) bullet kit. 184 and 184B5 cells are maintained in MEBM sodium-bicarbonate free (MEBM-SBF) supplemented with the MEGM bullet kit, isoproterenol (10 μM), and transferrin (5 μg/ml). MCF10A cell lines are maintained in DME/F12 containing 5% heat inactivated horse serum, penicillin/streptomycin (100 μg/ml and 100 μg/ml), hydrocortisone (1.4μM), insulin (10 μg/ml), choleratoxin (100 ng/ml), and EGF (20 ng/ml). Breast cancer cell lines are maintained in Improved MEM Zinc Option containing 10% fetal bovine serum, 1% glutamine, and 1% penicillin/streptomycin. For growth assays, cells are treated with the different retinoids for the specified number of days with media and treatment changes every other day in T47D cells and every 2 days in 184 cells. Cell proliferation is measured according to the protocol for the CellTiter 96 Aqueous Non-Radioactive Cell Proliferation Assay. This colorimetric assay determines the number of viable cells in a sample. Each point represents samples done in quadruplicate|
|Incubation time||8-12 days|
|Animal models||Mouse models bearing hormone-sensitive (HS) and hormone-insensitive (HI) strains of the MXT murine mammary carcinoma.|
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Related RAR/RXR Products|
HX 531 is a potent antagonist of retinoid X receptors (IC50 = 18 nM).
MM11253 (SR11253) is a high-affinity RARγ-selective retinoid acid (RA) receptor antagonist (IC50 = 44 nM against ATRA for binding RARγ; IC50 =1 μM in case of RARα, RARβ, RXRα).
CD437 is a retinoic acid receptor (RAR)γ-selective agonist, γ-selective retinoid; potent inducer of apoptosis.
Bexarotene is a retinoid specifically selective for retinoid X receptors, used as an oral antineoplastic agent in the treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma.
Tazarotene, a new member of the acetylenic class of RARβ/γ selective retinoids which is approved to treat a variety of skin diseases, exhibits an anti-proliferative effect in human basal cell carcinoma (BCC) by triggering caspase-dependent apoptosis.
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