Synonym: Cardioxane, ICRF-187, NSC169780, Zinecard
Dexrazoxane hydrochloride is a cardioprotective agent. It inhibits DNA topoisomerase II (Topo II) without inducing DNA strand breaks. Dexrazoxane decreases formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and activates the PI3K/Akt survival pathway.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO 60 mg/mL
Water 60 mg/mL
Sublethal doses of an anti-erbB2 antibody leads to death by apoptosis in cardiomyocytes sensitized by low prosenescent doses of epirubicin: the protective role of dexrazoxane.
Spallarossa P, et al. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2010 Jan;332(1):87-96. PMID: 19841470.
Dexrazoxane prevents doxorubicin-induced long-term cardiotoxicity and protects myocardial mitochondria from genetic and functional lesions in rats.
Lebrecht D, et al. Br J Pharmacol. 2007 Jul;151(6):771-8. PMID: 17519947.
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