Pirarubicin is an analogue of the anthracycline antineoplastic antibiotic doxorubicin. Pirarubicin intercalates into DNA and interacts with topoisomerase II, thereby inhibiting DNA replication and repair and RNA and protein synthesis. Pirarubicin is transported into cells vial a sodium-dependent nucleoside transporter. Pirarubicin is used to intercalate DNA and inhibit the activity of topoisomerase II and induce DNA crosslinking.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO 120 mg/mL|
|Related Topoisomerase Products|
Exatecan Mesylate is a water soluble topoisomerase I inhibitor, with an IC50 of 2.2 μM (0.975 μg/mL).
Ellipticine is a DNA intercalating agent and a DNA topoisomerase II inhibitor.
Pixantrone dimaleate is a topoisomerase II inhibitor and DNA intercalator, with anti-tumor activity.
10-Hydroxycamptothecin is a cell-permeable powerful DNA topoisomerase I inhibitor. It has selective inhibitory effect on the phosphorylation of histone H1 and H3, but less effect on other histones.
7-Ethyl Camptothecin is an anti-cancer chemical that exhibits a strong activity against various murine tumors through Topo I (topoisomerase) inhibition.
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