Zoledronic acid, one of the most potent nitrogen-containing BPs(bisphosphonates), induces antiproliferative and apoptotic effects on multiple myeloma cell lines in vitro, by activating protein kinase C, and increases the extracellular calcium concentration. Zoledronic acid and radiation caused a dosedependent and time-dependent decrease in cell viability (approximate 50% growth inhibition values were 48 μM and 20μM for 24 hours and 72 hours, respectively, for zoledronic acid and 500 cGy for radiation).
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of Compound A used for a mouse (20 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 20 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for Compound A of 10 mg/kg.
|Solubility||Soluble in NaOH|
The apoptotic effect of Zoledronic acid on the nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells via ROS mediated chloride channel activation
Liang Wang, et al. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 2018 Oct;45(10):1019-1027. PMID: 29884989.
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