Opicapone, also known as BIA 9-1067, is a novel potent and selective catechol-O-methyltransferase inhibitor (COMT inhibitor). Opicapone provides a superior response upon the bioavailability of levodopa associated to more pronounced, long-lasting, and sustained COMT inhibition. Opicapone resulted in a concentration-dependent decrease in the mitochondrial membrane potential of the cells, evaluated by the ratio JC-1 aggregates over JC-1 monomer (ratio λex 544 λem 590 over λex 485 λem 538). A single administration of opicapone resulted in increased and sustained plasma levodopa levels with a concomitant reduction in 3-O-methyldopa from 2 h up to 24 h post-administration, while tolcapone produced significant effects only at 2 h post-administration. The effects of opicapone on brain catecholamines after levodopa administration were sustained up to 24 h post-administration.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of Compound A used for a mouse (20 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 20 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for Compound A of 10 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO 85 mg/mL|
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