N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe (fMLP) is a chemotactic peptide and a specific ligand of N-formyl peptide receptor (FPR), which can inhibit TNF-alpha secretion. N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe (fMLF) acts as an agonist at formyl peptide receptors (FPR; Ki = 0.8 pM). N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe promotes osteoblastic commitment and suppresses adipogenic commitment under osteoblastic differentiation conditions. N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe stimulates osteogenesis is associated with increased expression of osteogenic markers and mineralization. N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe inhibits expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ1. N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe promotes bone formation in zebrafish and rabbits. Treatment with N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe results in increased expression of Runx2. Bone marrow spaces are widely formed, and connective tissue covering bone is dense, like periosteum, in N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe-treated calvaria.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of Compound A used for a mouse (20 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 20 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for Compound A of 10 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO ≥ 60 mg/mL|
 Min Kyoung Shin, et al. J Biol Chem. N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP) promotes osteoblast differentiation via the N-formyl peptide receptor 1-mediated signaling pathway in human mesenchymal stem cells from bone marrow
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