Euparin, a monomeric compound of Benzofuran, is a reactive oxygen species (ROS) inhibitor, which exhibits a moderate antioxidant activity, it also exhibits antifungal activity against Trichophyton mentagrophytes. Euparin shows antiviral activity against poliovirus types 1, 2, and 3 with EC50 values of 0.47 µg/mL, 0.12 µg/mL, and 0.15 µg/mL respectively in Vero cells.
In vivo, Euparin (8, 16 and 32 mg/kg) reduces depression-like behavior in Chronic Unpredictable Mild Stress (CUMS) model of mice. All doses of Euparin are found to increase the contents of monoamine neurotransmitter and decrease monoamine oxidase and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels in brain of depression mice. Euparin restores CUMS-induced decrease of Spermidine/Spermine N1-Acetyltransferase 1 (SAT1), N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subtype 2B (NMDAR2B) and brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of Compound A used for a mouse (20 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 20 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for Compound A of 10 mg/kg.
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Acetylcysteine(N-acetyl-l-cysteine) is a ROS(reactive oxygen species) inhibitor that antagonizes the activity of proteasome inhibitors. It is also a tumor necrosis factor production inhibitor.
BAPTA is a calcium-specific aminopolycarboxylic acid.
Schisandrol-B is a major active constituent of Schisandra sphenanthera with hepato-protective effects. Schisandrol B inhibits reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Schisandrol B inhibits the activity of P-glycoprotein and CYP3A and also has anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic and antioxidant activities.
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