Atropine sulfate is a competitive muscarinic acetylcholine receptor antagonist. Atropine is a naturally occurring tropane alkaloid extracted from deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna), Jimson weed (Datura stramonium), mandrake (Mandragora officinarum) and other plants of the family Solanaceae. Atropine is a competitive antagonist of the muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (acetylcholine being the main neurotransmitter used by the parasympathetic nervous system). Atropine dilates the pupils, increases heart rate, and reduces salivation and other secretions
|Animal models||Male Sprague-Dawley rats|
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Formula||C17H23NO3 . 1/2 H2SO4|
|Solubility||DMSO ≥ 10 mg/mL|
Determination of atropine sulfate using a novel sensitive DNA-biosensor based on its interaction on a modified pencil graphite electrode.
Ensafi AA, et al. Talanta. 2015 Jan;131:149-55. PMID: 25281086.
Effects of a dopamine receptor agonist and atropine sulfate on absorption of valproic acid in rats.
Kameya H, et al. Biomed Res. 2009 Apr;30(2):101-6. PMID: 19420733.
|Related AChR/AChE Products|
|Scopolamine hydrobromide trihydrate
Scopolamine hydrobromide trihydrate is a competitive muscarinic acetylcholine receptor with an IC50 of 55.3 ± 4.3 nM.
Choline Glycerophosphate is a precursor in the biosynthesis of brain phospholipids and increases the bioavailability of choline in nervous tissue.
MK-7622 is a cholinesterase inhibitor, it is also a muscarinic M1 receptor positive allosteric modulator.
Acotiamide is a potent, selective and reversible inhibitor of human and canine stomach-derived acetylcholinesterase (AChE).
Huperzine A is a potent, selective and reversible acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor extracted from traditional Chinese herb.
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