Dulaglutide (Activated main chain) is a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist (GLP-1 agonist) consisting of GLP-1(7-37) covalently linked to an Fc fragment of human IgG4. Dulaglutide binds to glucagon-like peptide 1 receptors, slowing gastric emptying and increases insulin secretion by pancreatic Beta cells. Simultaneously the compound reduces the elevated glucagon secretion by inhibiting alpha cells of the pancreas. GLP-1 is normally secreted by L cells of the gastrointestinal mucosa in response to a meal.
|Solubility (25°C)||Soluble in water|
Powder -20°C 3 years ; 4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months ; -20°C 1 month
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of Compound A used for a mouse (20 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 20 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for Compound A of 10 mg/kg.
 Tibble CA, et al. Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab. Longer acting GLP-1 receptor agonists and the potential for improved cardiovascular outcomes: a review of current literature.
 Nadkarni P, et al. Prog Mol Biol Transl Sci. Regulation of glucose homeostasis by GLP-1.
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|GLP-1(7-36), amide acetate
GLP-1(7-36), amide acetate is a major intestinal hormone that stimulates glucose-induced insulin secretion from β cells.
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