LDK378 is a selective small molecule inhibitor of ALK, a target found in metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). LDK378 shows great anti-proliferative activity in Ba/F3-NPM-ALK and Karpas290 cells with IC50 of 26.0 nM and 22.8 nM, compared with IC50 of 319.5 nM and 2477 nM in Ba/F3-Tel-InsR and Ba/F3-WT cells. LDK378 induces a dose-dependent growth inhibition and tumor regression in the Karpas299 and H2228 rat xenograft models, with no body-weight loss. In Phase I trials, LDK378 showed a marked clinical response in 78 patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase positive (ALK+) metastatic non-small cell lung cancer who had progressed during or after crizotinib therapy or had not been previously treated with crizotinib.
|Cell lines||Ba/F3-NPM-ALK, Ba/F3-Tel-InsR, Ba/F3-WT, Karpas299 cells|
|Preparation method||Luciferase-expressing cells are incubated with serial dilutions of LDK378 or DMSO for 2-3 days. Luciferase expression is used as a measure of cell proliferation/survival and is evaluated with the Bright-Glo Luciferase Assay System. IC50 values are generated by using XLFit software.|
|Incubation time||2-3 days|
|Animal models||RNU nude rats bearing the Karpas299/H2228 tumors|
|Formulation||LDK378 (phosphate salt) formulated in 0.5% methylcellulose/0.5% Tween 80|
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO 90 mg/mL
Ethanol 30 mg/mL
Synthesis, structure-activity relationships, and in vivo efficacy of the novel potent and selective anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitor 5-chloro-N2-(2-isopropoxy-5-methyl-4-(piperidin-4-yl)phenyl)-N4-(2-(isopropylsulfonyl)phenyl)pyrimidine-2,4-diamine (LDK378) currently in phase 1 and phase 2 clinical trials.
Marsilje TH, et al. J Med Chem. 2013 Jun 26. PMID: 23742252.
|Related ALK Products|
LDK378 2Hcl (Ceritinib) is potent inhibitor against ALK with IC50 of 0.2 nM, shows 40- and 35-fold selectivity against IGF-1R and InsR, respectively.
Entrectinib (RXDX-101) is an orally bioavailable pan-TrkA/B/C, ROS1 and ALK inhibitor with IC50 ranging between 0.1 and 1.7 nM. Phase 2.
Crizotinib is inhibitor of the c-Met kinase and the NPM-ALK. Crizotinib inhibited cell proliferation in ALK-positive ALCL cells (IC50s=30 nM). Crizotinib is useful in treatment of anaplastic large-cell lymphoma.
Brigatinib (AP26113) is a potent and selective ALK (IC50, 0.6 nM) and ROS1 (IC50, 0.9 nM) inhibitor. It also inhibits ROS1, FLT3, and mutant variants of FLT3 (D835Y) and EGFR with lower potentcy.
ALK-IN-1 is an analog of AP26113 which is a potent and selective ALK inhibitor. It is also an inhibitor of EGFR.
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