In vitro: BIBW2992 is more effective than erlotinib, geﬁtinib, or lapatinib in inhibiting survival of lung cancer cell lines harboring wild-type (H1666) or L858R/T790M (NCI-H1975) EGFR. BIBW2992 is similarly effective against NSCLC lines expressing HER2 776insV (NCI-H1781) or EGFR E746_A750del (HCC827), but shows no activity toward A549 cells, which express wild-type EGFR and HER2. Afatinib enhances cytotoxicity of topotecan and mitoxantrone to SP cells, and increases the apoptosis induced by topotecan and mitoxantrone in SP cells. In vivo: In the MDA-MB-453 xenograft model, BIBW2992 (20 mg/kg, p.o.) results in dramatic tumor regression with a cumulative treated/control tumor volume ratio (T/C ratio) of 2%, and downregulation of EGFR and AKT phosphorylation. In A7, A431, FaDu, UT-SCC-14 and UT-SCC-15 xenograft models, application of BIBW 2992 (30 mg/kg, p.o.) leads to a significant prolongation of tumour growth time. In HER2-amplified xenograft medel, Afatinib (30 mg/kg, p.o.) results a markedly inhibition in tumor growth and a significant improvement in the duration of overall survival. In HER2-positive gastric cancer NCI-N87 xenograft, afatinib (25 mg/kg, p.o.) leads to dramatic tumor volume regression within 4 d and near-complete tumor resolution after 21 d of treatment.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||100 mg/mL in DMSO|
FASEB J. 2018 May 29;fj201800011R.
Resistance to gefitinib and cross-resistance to irreversible EGFR-TKIs mediated by disruption of the Keap1-Nrf2 pathway in human lung cancer cells
Afatinib dimaleate purchased from AbMole
Afatinib versus cisplatin-based chemotherapy for EGFR mutation-positive lung adenocarcinoma (LUX-Lung 3 and LUX-Lung 6): analysis of overall survival data from two randomised, phase 3 trials.
Yang JC, et al. Lancet Oncol. 2015 Feb;16(2):141-51. PMID: 25589191.
Afatinib induces apoptosis in NSCLC without EGFR mutation through Elk-1-mediated suppression of CIP2A.
Chao TT, et al. Oncotarget. 2015 Feb 10;6(4):2164-79. PMID: 25537503.
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