The hydroxamate-based metalloprotease inhibitor TAPI-2 bounds to hmeprin with inhibition constants IC50 20±10 μM for hmeprin β subunit and 1.5±0.27 nM for hmeprin α subunit. Generally, hmeprin α is inhibited more strongly than the β subunit. Without affecting ADAM17 expression, TAPI-2 dramatically decreases the protein levels of NICD and its downstream target HES-1 in both HCP-1 and HT29 cells. Moreover, treating cells with TAPI-2 significantly decreases the CSC phenotype by ∼50% in both CRC cell lines. The dose-dependent effects of TAPI-2 on the sphere formation and protein levels of NICD and HES-1 confirm that the concentration used (20 μM) is within the effective dose range of TAPI-2 (5–40 μM).
|Cell lines||HEK293T cells|
|Preparation method||TAPI-2 is dissolved in DMSO and diluted with appropriate medium before use. All experiments are performed using 20 μM TAPI-2. Cells are cultured with or without TAPI-2 for 48 hours and then seeded at 3,000 cells per well in 96-well plates.|
|Incubation time||48 h|
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||22 mg/mL in DMSO|
Enhanced potency of the metalloprotease inhibitor TAPI-2 by multivalent display.
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