1-NA-PP1 was considerably more potent and showed distinct substituent effects at the pyrazolopyrimidine core. 1-NA-PP1 was cell-active, and potently blocked prostate cancer cell proliferation by inducing G2/M arrest. Overexpression of PKD1 or PKD3 almost completely reversed the growth arrest and the inhibition of tumor cell invasion caused by 1-NA-PP1, indicating that its anti-proliferative and anti-invasive activities were mediated through the inhibition of PKD. Interestingly, a 12-fold increase in sensitivity to 1-NA-PP1 could be achieved by engineering a gatekeeper mutation in the active site of PKD1, suggesting that 1-NA-PP1 could be paired with the analog-sensitive PKD1(M659G) for dissecting PKD-specific functions and signaling pathways in various biological systems.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||14.25 mg/mL in DMSO|
New pyrazolopyrimidine inhibitors of protein kinase d as potent anticancer agents for prostate cancer cells.
Tandon M, et al. PLoS One 2013 Sep 23;8(9):e75601. PMID: 24086585.
A single amino-acid change in ERK1/2 makes the enzyme susceptible to PP1 derivatives.
Endo S, et al. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2006 Mar 3;341(1):261-5. PMID: 16431218.
|Related PKC Products|
Chelerythrine is potent, cell-permeable inhibitor of protein kinase C (IC50 = 660 nM); competitive with respect to the phosphate acceptor and non-competitive with respect to ATP.
|Zoledronic acid monohydrate
Zoledronic acid monohydrate(CGP 42446; ZOL 446) is an activator of protein kinase C with apoptotic effects on multiple myeloma cell lines. It inhibited proliferation of human foetal osteoblastic cell line (hFOB) with an IC50 of 40 uM.
Ingenol Mebutate is a substance found in the sap of the plant Euphorbia peplus and an inducer of cell death.
|Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate
Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) is a PKC-activating phorbol ester, increases the intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in a dose-dependent manner, with an EC50 of 11.7 nM.
Ro 31-8220 is a protein kinase C inhibitor, with activity at other protein kinases (IC50 values are 33, 3, 8, 15 and 38 nM for PKCα, MAPKAP-K1b, MSK1, GSK3β and S6K1 respectively).
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