Zoledronic acid administration may be a potentially valuable adjunct to distraction osteogenesis treatment, to enhance bone strength, thus reducing refracture complications.Zoledronic acid, a more recent drug, was compared with pamidronic acid in two clinical trials, but the results are unconvincing because of the unusually poor performance of pamidronic acid. Safety of zoledronic acid is uncertain, owing to a lack of long-term data.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
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Chelerythrine is potent, cell-permeable inhibitor of protein kinase C (IC50 = 660 nM); competitive with respect to the phosphate acceptor and non-competitive with respect to ATP.
1-Naphthyl PP1(1-NA-PP 1) is a selective inhibitor of src family kinases v-Src and c-Fyn as well as the tyrosine kinase c-Abl (IC50 values are 1.0, 0.6, 0.6, 18 and 22 μM for v-Src, c-Fyn, c-Abl, CDK2 and CAMK II respectively).
Ingenol Mebutate is a substance found in the sap of the plant Euphorbia peplus and an inducer of cell death.
|Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate
Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) is a PKC-activating phorbol ester, increases the intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in a dose-dependent manner, with an EC50 of 11.7 nM.
Ro 31-8220 is a protein kinase C inhibitor, with activity at other protein kinases (IC50 values are 33, 3, 8, 15 and 38 nM for PKCα, MAPKAP-K1b, MSK1, GSK3β and S6K1 respectively).
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