Vorapaxar and M20 completely blocked thrombin-stimulated PAR1/β-arrestin association in recombinant cells and abolished thrombin-stimulated calcium influx in washed human platelets and vascular smooth muscle cells. Moreover, vorapaxar and M20 inhibited PAR1 agonist peptide-mediated platelet aggregation in human platelet rich plasma with a steep concentration response relationship. Vorapaxar exhibited high selectivity for inhibition of PAR1 over other platelet GPCRs.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||10 mM in DMSO|
In vitro pharmacological characterization of vorapaxar, a novel platelet thrombin receptor antagonist.
Hawes BE, et al. Eur J Pharmacol. 2015 Sep 5;762:221-8. PMID: 26022529.
Vorapaxar: a review of its use in the long-term secondary prevention of atherothrombotic events.
Frampton JE, et al. Drugs. 2015 May;75(7):797-808. PMID: 25895464.
|GJ103 sodium salt
GJ103 sodium salt is an active analog of the read-through compound GJ072.
Tubercidin (7-Deazaadenosine) is an adenosine analog, is an antibiotic obtained from Streptomyces tubercidicus.
ML-7 hydrochloride is a naphthalene sulphonamide derivative, potently inhibits MLCK (IC50=300 nM) and TRPC6 channel (IC50>10 μM).
Importazole is a small molecule inhibitor of the nuclear transport receptor importin-β.
Apoptozole is an inhibitor of the ATPase domain of Hsc70 and Hsp70, with Kds of 0.21 and 0.14 μM, respectively, and can induce apoptosis.
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