Pixantrone induces cell death in multiple cancer cell lines independent of cell cycle perturbation, with IC50s of 37.3 nM, 126 nM and 136 nM for T47D, MCF-10A and OVCAR5 cells, respectively. Pixantrone induces DNA damage at high concentrations (500 nM) but not at concentrations (100 nM) sufficient to kill PANC1 cells. Pixantrone (25 or 100 nM) induces severe chromosomal aberrations and mitotic catastrophe in PANC1 cells. Pixantrone potently inhibits growth of human Leukemia K562 cells, etoposide-resistant K/VP.5 cells, MDCK and ABCB1-transfected MDCK/MDR cells, with IC50s of 0.10 μM, 0.56 μM, 0.058 μM and 4.5 μM, respectively.
Pixantrone (27 mg/kg) causes minimal cardiotoxic in mice following repeated treatment cycles. Moreover, Pixantrone results in less mortality than mitoxantrone in doxorubicin-pretreated mice. Pixantrone (16.25 mg/kg i.v, q7d × 3) modulates Lymph node cells (LNC) responses, and affacts T cell subpopulations in TAChR-immunized Lewis rats.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||Water 15 mg/mL|
Mechanisms of Action and Reduced Cardiotoxicity of Pixantrone; a Topoisomerase II Targeting Agent with Cellular Selectivity for the Topoisomerase IIα Isoform.
Hasinoff BB, et al. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2016 Feb;356(2):397-409. PMID: 26660439.
Pixantrone induces cell death through mitotic perturbations and subsequent aberrant cell divisions.
Beeharry N, et al. Cancer Biol Ther. 2015;16(9):1397-406. PMID: 26177126.
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