Pitavastatin calcium (Livalo) is a novel member of the medication class of statins. Like the other statins, it is an inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase, the enzyme that catalyses the first step of cholesterol synthesis. Most statins are metabolised in part by one or more hepatic cytochrome P450 enzymes, leading to an increased potential for compound interactions and problems with certain foods (such as grapefruit juice). Pitavastatin appears to be a substrate of CYP2C9, and not CYP3A4 (which is a common source of interactions in other statins).
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO 50 mg/mL|
|Source||Pak J Pharm Sci (2016). Figure 1. Pitavastatin calcium (Abmole Bioscience)|
|Results||The results summarized in (table 1) obtained for pravastatin, rosuvastatin, pitavastatin, atorvastatin, fluvastatin, lovastatin and simvastatin were comparable with the corresponding labeled amounts.|
Pak J Pharm Sci. 2016 May;29(3 Suppl):1043-51.
Chromatographic resolution of drug analogues: 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutarylcoenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins)
Pitavastatin Calcium purchased from AbMole
The calicheamicins are a class of enediyne antitumor antibiotics derived from the bacterium Micromonospora echinospora, with calicheamicin γ1 being the most notable.
Tildipirosin is a derivative of the naturally occurring compound tylosin.
Oritavancin is approved for the treatment of adult patients with acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (SSSIs) caused by or suspected to be caused by susceptible isolates of designated gram-positive microorganisms.
ECBN obtained by the fermentation of Aspergillus nidulans and Aspergillus rugulosus, is known as one of the natural cyclic hexapeptides that have a linoleoyl side chain, which inhibits a crucial enzyme in fungal cell wall biosynthesis, β-(1,3)-d-glucan synthase.
The pristinamycins exhibit a strong synergistic antibacterial activity against a wide range of Gram-positive and some Gram-negative bacteria, including methicillin- and vancomycin-resistant strains.
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