Moxifloxacin (Avelox, Avalox) is a fourth generation synthetic fluoroquinolone antibacterial agent. Moxifloxacin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that is active against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. It functions by inhibiting DNA gyrase, a type II topoisomerase and topoisomerase IV, which is an enzyme necessary to separate bacterial DNA, thereby inhibiting cell replication.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO 80 mg/mL|
|Related Topoisomerase Products|
10-Hydroxycamptothecin is a cell-permeable powerful DNA topoisomerase I inhibitor. It has selective inhibitory effect on the phosphorylation of histone H1 and H3, but less effect on other histones.
7-Ethyl Camptothecin is an anti-cancer chemical that exhibits a strong activity against various murine tumors through Topo I (topoisomerase) inhibition.
Pirarubicin Hcl is an analogue of the anthracycline anti-neoplastic doxorubicin, which is an inhibitor of Topo II.
Ofloxacin is a synthetic broad-spectrum antimicrobial agent.
Novobiocin Sodium is an aminocoumarin antibiotic that targets bacterial DNA gyrase (TopoIV), used to treat susceptible gram positive bacteria.
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