Moxifloxacin (Avelox, Avalox) is a fourth generation synthetic fluoroquinolone antibacterial agent. Moxifloxacin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that is active against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. It functions by inhibiting DNA gyrase, a type II topoisomerase and topoisomerase IV, which is an enzyme necessary to separate bacterial DNA, thereby inhibiting cell replication.
|Source||Queen Mary University of London (2018 Feb). Figure 41. Moxifloxacin (Abmole Bioscience)|
|Method||Cell viability assay|
|Cell Lines||APC wt 7_1 cell line|
|Concentrations||20, 40, 60, 80, 100 μM|
|Incubation Time||96 h|
|Results||we hypothesised that the drugs may have degraded over the course of the repeats; losartan potassium, moxifloxacin hydrochloride, saxagliptin, mesalamine and desonide|
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO 80 mg/mL|
|Related Topoisomerase Products|
Exatecan Mesylate is a water soluble topoisomerase I inhibitor, with an IC50 of 2.2 μM (0.975 μg/mL).
Ellipticine is a DNA intercalating agent and a DNA topoisomerase II inhibitor.
Pixantrone dimaleate is a topoisomerase II inhibitor and DNA intercalator, with anti-tumor activity.
10-Hydroxycamptothecin is a cell-permeable powerful DNA topoisomerase I inhibitor. It has selective inhibitory effect on the phosphorylation of histone H1 and H3, but less effect on other histones.
7-Ethyl Camptothecin is an anti-cancer chemical that exhibits a strong activity against various murine tumors through Topo I (topoisomerase) inhibition.
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