In vitro: IPI-549 inhibits PI3Kγ with IC50 of 16 nM, with >100-fold selectivity over other lipid and protein kinases (PI3Kα IC50=3.2 μM, PI3Kβ IC50=3.5 μM, PI3Kδ IC50>8.4 μM). IPI549 is evaluated for activity across all Class I PI3K isoforms. The binding affinity of IPI549 for PI3K-γ is determined by measuring the individual rates constants and for PI3K-α, β and δ using equilibrium fluorescent titration. IPI549 is found to be a remarkably tight binder to PI3Kγ with a Kd of 290 pM and >58-fold weaker affinity for other Class I PI3K isoforms (PI3Kα Kd=17 nM, PI3Kβ Kd=82 nM, PI3Kδ Kd=23 M). In PI3K-α, -β, -γ, and -δ dependent cellular phospho-AKT assays, IPI549 demonstrates excellent PI3K-γ potency (IC50=1.2 nM) and selectivity against other Class I PI3K isoforms (>146-fold). Cellular IC50s for Class I PI3Kα (250 nM), PI3Kβ (240 nM), PI3Kγ (1.2 nM), PI3Kδ(180 nM) are determined in SKOV-3, 786-O, RAW 264.7, and RAJI cells, respectively, by monitoring inhibition of pAKT S473 by ELISA. Furthermore, IPI549 dose dependently inhibits PI3Kγ dependent bone marrow-derived macrophage (BMDM) migration. IPI549 is also found to be selective against a panel of 80 GPCRs, ion channels, and transporters at 10 μM. In vivo: IPI-549 demonstrates favorable pharmacokinetic properties and robust inhibition of PI3K-γ mediated neutrophil migration. In vivo (mice, rats, dog, and monkeys), IPI-549 has excellent oral bioavailability, low clearance, and distributed into tissues with a mean volume of distribution of 1.2 L/kg. Overall, IPI-549 has a favorable pharmacokinetic profile to allow potent and selective inhibition of PI3K-γ in vivo. The t1/2 of IPI-549 for mouse, rat, dog and monkey is 3.2, 4.4, 6.7 and 4.3 h, respectively. IPI-549 significantly reduces neutrophil migration in a dose dependent manner in this model when administered orally at all of the tested doses.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||15 mg/mL in DMSO|
Overcoming resistance to checkpoint blockade therapy by targeting PI3Kγ in myeloid cells.
De Henau O, et al. Nature. 2016 Nov 17;539(7629):443-447. PMID: 27828943.
Discovery of a Selective Phosphoinositide-3-Kinase (PI3K)-γ Inhibitor (IPI-549) as an Immuno-Oncology Clinical Candidate.
Evans CA, et al. ACS Med Chem Lett. 2016 Jul 22;7(9):862-7. PMID: 27660692.
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