In vitro: A-1331852 selectively disrupts BCL-XL–BIM complexes and induces the hallmarks of apoptosis in BCL-XL–dependent Molt-4 cells with IC50s in the low nanomolar range but does not affect MEF cells lacking BAK or BAX. In CellTiter-Glo cell viability assay, A-1331852 inhibits NCI-H847, NCI-H1417, SET-2, HEL, OCI-M2 with EC50 values of 3, 7, 80, 120 and 100 nM.
In vivo: A-1331852 demonstrates antitumor efficacy in the Molt-4 xenograft model, inducing tumor regressions as a single agent. Additionally, A-1331852 combines with venetoclax to recapitulate the efficacy of navitoclax in the NCI-H1963.FP5 xenograft model of SCLC. A-1331852 significantly inhibits tumor growth in seven subcutaneous xenograft models of solid tumors, including breast cancer, NSCLC, and ovarian cancer.
|Cell lines||bone marrow cells|
|Preparation method||5 × 104 bone marrow cells were cultured for 4 or 24 h with or without the BCL-XL inhibitor A-1331852 in a 96-well plate in 100 μl of medium. Plates were allowed to equilibrate at room temperature prior to adding 100 μl Caspase-9 Glo reagent|
|Incubation time||4 or 24 h|
|Animal models||SCID-bg mice|
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||12 mg/mL in DMSO|
Targeting senescent cholangiocytes and activated fibroblasts with B-cell lymphoma-extra large inhibitors ameliorates fibrosis in multidrug resistance 2 gene knockout (Mdr2-/- ) mice.
Moncsek A, et al. Hepatology. 2018 Jan;67(1):247-259. PMID: 28802066.
The BH3-only proteins BIM and PUMA are not critical for the reticulocyte apoptosis caused by loss of the pro-survival protein BCL-XL.
Delbridge AR, et al. Cell Death Dis. 2017 Jul 6;8(7):e2914. PMID: 28682312.
|Related Bcl-2 Products|
BDA-366 is a small molecule antagonist that specifically binds the BCL2 BH4 domain, and has the ability to convert anti-apoptotic BCL2 into a pro-apoptotic death molecule.
BTSA1 is a pharmacologically optimized BAX activator that binds with high affinity and specificity to the N-terminal activation site and induces conformational changes to BAX leading to BAX-mediated apoptosis. It effectively promotes apoptosis in leukemia cell lines and patient samples while sparing healthy cells.
BH3I-1 is a Bcl-XL-BH3 domain interaction inhibitor with Ki of 2.4 μM (by fluorescence polarization ).It is a selective inhibitor of Bcl-2 family proteins.
Obatoclax is an antagonist of Bcl-2 family members containing four Bcl-2 homology domains, including Bcl-2, Bcl-W, Bcl-XL, and Mcl-1 (KD = ~500 nM).
HA14-1 is a Bcl-2 inhibitor that is widely used for studies of apoptosis with IC50 of ~9 μM.
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