Tofogliflozin (CSG-452) hydrate is a potent and highly specific sodium-glucose co-transporter 2(SGLT2) inhibitor with IC50 value of 2.9 nM. Tofogliflozin suppressed high glucose-induced ROS generation, MCP-1 gene induction and apoptosis in tubular cells and an antioxidant NAC mimicked the effects of tofogliflozin on high glucoseexposed tubular cells.
In vivo, Tofogliflozin (0.1-10 mg/kg; oral administration; once daily for 4 weeks) treatment improves hyperglycemia and thereby ameliorated glucose intolerance of the obese diabetic mice.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of Compound A used for a mouse (20 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 20 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for Compound A of 10 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO 80 mg/mL
Water ~1 mg/mL
Tofogliflozin, A Highly Selective Inhibitor of SGLT2 Blocks Proinflammatory and Proapoptotic Effects of Glucose Overload on Proximal Tubular Cells Partly by Suppressing Oxidative Stress Generation
Y Ishibashi, et al. Horm Metab Res. 2016 Mar;48(3):191-5. PMID: 26158396.
Tofogliflozin, a potent and highly specific sodium/glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor, improves glycemic control in diabetic rats and mice
Masayuki Suzuki, et al. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2012 Jun;341(3):692-701. PMID: 22410641.
|Related SGLT Products|
Luseogliflozin is a SGLT2 inhibitor, it reduced reabsorption of renal filtered glucose and decreased renal glucose threshold (RTG) in urine to increase urinary glucose excretion.
LX2761 is a locally acting SGLT1 and SGLT2 inhibitor in vitro with IC50 values of 2.2 nM and 2.7 nM for hSGLT1 and hSGLT2, respectively.
Canagliflozin hemihydrate (JNJ-28431754; TA 7284) is a highly potent and selective SGLT2 inhibitor for hSGLT2 with IC50 of 2.2 nM.
|Dapagliflozin ((2S)-1,2-propanediol, hydrate)
Dapagliflozin(BMS512148) is a selective, orally active inhibitor of the renal sodium-glucose co-transporter type 2 (SGLT2) is in development for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).
LX-4211 is an oral dual SGLT1/SGLT2 inhibitor with IC50 of 36 nM and 1.8 nM, respectively.
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