Tetracaine hydrochloride (Pontocaine) is a hydrochloride salt form of tetracaine which is a potent local anaesthetic and a channel function allosteric inhibitor. Tetracaine hydrochloride (Pontocaine) is used to block temporarily the pain "message" that is sent along the nerves that connect the eyes to the brain. Tetracaine hydrochloride (Pontocaine) is mainly used topically in ophthalmology and as an antipruritic, and it has been used in spinal anesthesia. In biomedical research, tetracaine is used to alter the function of calcium release channels (ryanodine receptors) that control the release of calcium from intracellular stores. In addition, tetracaine serves as an allosteric blocker of channel function. At low concentrations, tetracaine gives rise to an initial prevention of spontaneous calcium release events, while at high concentrations, tetracaine blocks release completely.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO 50 mg/mL|
|Related Calcium Channel Products|
|Dantrolene sodium salt
Inhibitor of Ca2+ release from sarcoplasmic reticulum; muscle relaxant.
Thapsigargin is a potent inhibitor of SERCA ATPase.
Mirogabalin (DS-5565) is a novel, preferentially selective α2δ-1 ligand characterized by high potency and selectivity to the α2δ-1 subunit of voltage-sensitive calcium-channel complexes in the CNS.
Ranolazine is a calcium uptake inhibitor via the sodium/calcium channel, used to treat chronic angina.
L-Phenylalanine is an antagonist at α2δ calcium channels with a Ki of 980 nM.
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