Sematilide (CK-1752) hydrochloride is a novel class III antiarrhythmic agent. Sematilide inhibits the rapidly activating delayed rectifier K+ current. The Ca2+-independent transient K+ and the inward rectifier K+ currents were not affected significantly by application of 100 microM sematilide. Moreover, voltage-dependent Na+ and Ca2+ currents were not affected significantly by 100 microM sematilide.
These findings indicate that sematilide selectively blocks the rapidly activating delayed rectifier K+ current in atrial myocytes and provide evidence supporting the usefulness of the drug as a class III antiarrhythmic agent. Application of 10, 30, 100 and 300 microM sematilide caused a concentration-dependent inhibition of the delayed rectifier K+ current (IC50 approx. 25 microM).
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
Effects of sematilide, a novel class III antiarrhythmic agent, on membrane currents in rabbit atrial myocytes.
Ishii Y, et al. Eur J Pharmacol. 1997 Jul 23;331(2-3):295-302. PMID: 9274992.
1-methoxy PMS is stable electron-transport mediator between NAD(P)H and tetrazolium dyes.
Erythropoietin (EPO) is a glycoprotein cytokine secreted by the kidney in response to cellular hypoxia.
Interferon gamma (IFNγ) is a dimerized soluble cytokine that is the only member of the type II class of interferons.
Indole-3-acetamide is an auxin precursor.
|D-Gluconic acid copper(II) salt
D-gluconic acid copper (II) salt is the copper salt of D-gluconic acid that is an organic acid.
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