QS11 binds and inhibits the GTPase activating protein of ADP-ribosylation factor 1 (ARFGAP1), suggesting that QS11 modulates Wnt/β-catenin signaling through an effect on protein trafficking. QS11 (2.5 μM) activates the Super(8X)TOPFlash reporter 200-fold in the presence of Wnt-3a CM, whereas Wnt-3a treatment alone increases reporter activity 40-fold. QS11 increases reporter activity only 2-fold in the absence of Wnt-3a. QS11 shows potent activity (EC50=0.5 μM) with little cytotoxicity toward HEK293 and human primary fibroblast cells. QS11 effectively reduces in vitro migration of metastatic human breast cancer cells.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||10 mM in DMSO|
The perilipin-2 (adipophilin) coat of cytosolic lipid droplets is regulated by an Arf1-dependent mechanism in HC11 mouse mammary epithelial cells.
Pauloin A, et al. Cell Biol Int. 2016 Feb;40(2):143-55. PMID: 26399370.
Ascorbic Acid-Induced Cardiac Differentiation of Murine Pluripotent Stem Cells: Transcriptional Profiling and Effect of a Small Molecule Synergist of Wnt/β-Catenin Signaling Pathway.
Ivanyuk D, et al. Cell Physiol Biochem. 2015;36(2):810-30. PMID: 26021268.
ML-281 is a potent ans selective STK33 inhibitor with IC50 value of 14 nM.
ML-265 (TEPP-46) is a potent and selective activator of recombinant pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2).
LB-100 is a water soluble protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) inhibitor, with IC50 of 0.85 μM and 3.87 μM in BxPc-3 and Panc-1 cells.
Compstatinis is a 13-residue cyclic peptide, binds to complement component C3 and inhibits complement activation with IC50 of 12 μM.
Azaserine is an inhibitor of the rate limiting step of the hexosamine biosynthethic pathway (HBP) and an irreversible inhibitor of GGT1 (gamma-Glutamyltranspeptidase).
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