PRX-08066 inhibits 5-HT-induced mitogen-activated protein kinase activation with IC50 of 12 nM and markedly reduces thymidine incorporation with IC50 of 3 nM in Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing the human 5-HT2BR. PRX-08066 inhibits cell proliferation with IC50 of 0.46 nM and with a maximum inhibition of 20% and 5-HT secretion with IC50 of 6.9 nM with a maximum inhibition of 30% in the 5-HT(2B) expressing SI-NET cell line, KRJ-I. PRX-08066 inhibits isoproterenol-stimulated 5-HT release with IC50 of 1.25 nM and a maximum inhibition of 60% in NCI-H720 cells. PRX-08066 (0.5 nM) significantly inhibits ERK phosphorylation in KRJ-I cells. PRX-08066 inhibits TGFβ1, CTGF and FGF2 transcription and secretion in KRJ-I cells.
In vivo, PRX-08066 (100 mg/kg) treated groups demonstrates less right ventricular hypertrophy and septal flattening than the monocrotaline control group in rats. PRX-08066 significantly reduces peak pulmonary artery pressure at 50 mg/kg and 100 mg/kg compared with monocrotaline control rats. PRX-08066 also significantly reduces right ventricle (RV)/body weight and RV/left ventricle + septum, compared with MCT-treated rats.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO 10 mM|
Predicted structures and dynamics for agonists and antagonists bound to serotonin 5-HT2B and 5-HT2C receptors.
Kim SK, et al. J Chem Inf Model. 2011 Feb 28;51(2):420-33. PMID: 21299232.
The 5-HT(2B) receptor plays a key regulatory role in both neuroendocrine tumor cell proliferation and the modulation of the fibroblast component of the neoplastic microenvironment.
Svejda B, et al. Cancer. 2010 Jun 15;116(12):2902-12. PMID: 20564397.
PRX-08066, a novel 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2B antagonist, reduces monocrotaline-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension and right ventricular hypertrophy in rats.
Porvasnik SL, et al. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2010 Aug;334(2):364-72. PMID: 20430844.
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