Olmesartan medoxomil (Benicar) is a compound which is hydrolyzed to olmesartan that is a selective AT1 subtype angiotensin II receptor antagonist.Olmesartan medoxomil (Benicar) was converted to olmesartan? during absorption from the gastrointestinal tract. Olmesartan is indicated for the treatment of hypertension. It may be used alone or in combination with other antihypertensive agents. Olmesartan medoxomil (Benicar) exerts its pharmacological functions via blocking the binding of angiotensin II to the AT1 receptors in vascular muscle; it is therefore independent of angiotensin II synthesis pathways, unlike ACE inhibitors. By blocking the binding rather than the synthesis of angiotensin II, olmesartan prevents the negative regulatory feedback on renin secretion. As a result of this blockage, olmesartan attenuates vasoconstriction and the secretion of aldosterone. Olmesartan lowers blood pressure by producing vasodilation, and decreasing peripheral resistance.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO 80 mg/mL|
|Related Angiotensin Receptor Products|
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EMA401 (also known as Olodanrigan and PD-126055) is a highly selective angiotensin AT2 antagonist.
|Angiotensin II human
Angiotensin II human is converted by Angiotensin I through removal of two C-terminal residues by the enzyme angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE). Angiotensin II is mediated by AT1 and AT2 receptors, which are seven transmembrane glycoproteins with 30% sequence similarity.
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