KU-60019 is a potent ATM kinase inhibitor with IC50 of 6.3 nM. KU-60019 exhibits little to no nonspecific target effects, displaying similar target selectivity to KU 55933. KU-60019 inhibited the phosphorylation of the major DNA damage effectors p53, H2AX and KAP1 as well as AKT. KU-60019 effectively radiosensitizes human glioma cells with dose-enhancement ratio of 1.7 and 4.4 at 1 μM and 10 μM, respectively, and also radiosensitizes the normal fibroblasts but not the A-T fibroblasts. KU-60019 has also been shown to Inhibit invasion and migration of human glioma cells in vitro. KU-60019 is 10-fold more effective than KU-55933 at blocking radiation-induced phosphorylation of key ATM targets in human glioma cells. KU-60019 treatment (3 μM) blocks basal and insulin-induced AKT S473 phosphorylation by 70% and ~50%, respectively, and completely reduces radiation-induced AKT phosphorylation below the level of control.
|Source||Med Sci Monit (2017). Figure 4.KU-60019|
|Concentrations||0.1 μM, 0.3 μM, 0.5 μM|
|Incubation Time||24 h|
|Results||The results demonstrated that at a concentration of 0.5 μM, KU60019 increased cell growth more noticeably compared with other groups|
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO 40 mg/mL|
Dynamic inhibition of ATM kinase provides a strategy for glioblastoma multiforme radiosensitization and growth control.
Golding SE, et al. Cell Cycle. 2012 Mar 15;11(6):1167-73. PMID: 22370485.
Improved ATM kinase inhibitor KU-60019 radiosensitizes glioma cells, compromises insulin, AKT and ERK prosurvival signaling, and inhibits migration and invasion.
Golding SE, et al. Mol Cancer Ther. 2009 Oct;8(10):2894-902. PMID: 19808981.
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