Clomifene citrate (Serophene) is a selective estrogen receptor modulator. Clomifene citrate (Serophene) increases production of gonadotropins by inhibiting negative feedback on the hypothalamus. Clomifene citrate (Serophene) is used mainly for ovarian stimulation in female infertility due to anovulation (e.g., infertility in polycystic ovary syndrome). Therapeutically, clomifene citrate (Serophene) is given early in the menstrual cycle. Clomifene citrate (Serophene) is typically prescribed beginning on day 1, 3 or 5 and continuing for 5 days. By that time, FSH level is rising steadily, causing development of a few follicles. Follicles in turn produce the estrogen, which circulates in serum. Clomifene acts by inhibiting the action of estrogen on the pituitary.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO 100 mg/mL|
|Related Estrogen Receptor Products|
RaloxifeneHcl(LY156758 Hcl) is a second generation selective estrogen receptor antagonist.
Progesterone is an endogenous steroid hormone involved in the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and embryogenesis of humans and other species. A potent agonist of the nuclear progesterone receptor (nPR) with Kd of 1 nM; An agonist of the membrane progesterone receptors(mPRs); An antagonist of the σ1 receptor.
Megestrol acetate is a synthetic progestogen, used to treat breast cancer and loss of appetite.
Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) is a synthetic progestin and act as a potent progesterone receptor agonist, used to treat abnormal menstruation or irregular vaginal bleeding.
Hydroxyprogesterone Caproate is a synthetic progestational agent. It binds to and activates nuclear progesterone receptors in the reproductive system and inhibits ovulation and an alteration in the cervical mucus and endometrium.
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