Brivanib (BMS-540215) is an ATP-competitive inhibitor of human VEGFR -2, with an IC50 of 25 nmol/L and Ki of 26 nmol/L. Brivanib is currently in development for the treatment of hepatocellular and colon carcinomas. In vitro and in vivo studies were conducted to characterize the preclinical pharmacokinetics and disposition of brivanib and brivanib alaninate, and antitumor efficacy in mice bearing human xenografts.
|Cell lines||VEGF or FGF stimulated HUVECs|
|Preparation method||The cells are stimulated by VEGF or FGF at a concentration of 8 or 80 ng/mL. These cells are seeded in 96 well plates at a density of 2 × 103 and incubated for 24 hours. Brivanib at various dilutions are added to the cells for another 48 hours. Then 0.5 μCi of [3H] thymidine is added for 24 hours. After that the incorporated tritium is quantified using a β-counter.|
|Concentrations||~ 10 μM|
|Incubation time||48 hours|
|Animal models||H3396 xenografts in athymic mice|
|Formulation||Dissolved in PEG400: Tween80 (75:25) (orally) or PEG400: water (3:2) (intravenously)|
|Dosages||60 mg/kg (orally) or 10 mg/kg (intravenously)|
|Administration||oral or i.v.|
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
Discovery and preclinical studies of (R)-1-(4-(4-fluoro-2-methyl-1H-indol-5-yloxy)-5- methylpyrrolo[2,1-f][1,2,4]triazin-6-yloxy)propan- 2-ol (BMS-540215), an in vivo active potent VEGFR-2 inhibitor.
Bhide RS, et al. J Med Chem. 2006 Apr 6;49(7):2143-6. PMID: 16570908.
|Related VEGFR/PDGFR Products|
Regorafenib (BAY 73-4506) is a multi-target inhibitor for VEGFR1, VEGFR2, VEGFR3, PDGFRβ, Kit, RET and Raf-1 with IC50 of 13 nM/4.2 nM/46 nM, 22 nM, 7 nM, 1.5 nM and 2.5 nM, respectively.
|Pazopanib HCl (GW786034 )
Pazopanib HCl (GW786034 HCl) is a novel multi-target inhibitor of VEGFR1, VEGFR2, VEGFR3, PDGFR, FGFR, c-Kit and c-Fms with IC50 of 10 nM, 30 nM, 47 nM, 84 nM, 74 nM, 140 nM and 146 nM in cell-free assays, respectively.
|Dovitinib (TKI-258) Dilactic Acid
Dovitinib Dilactic acid (TKI258 Dilactic acid) is the Dilactic acid of Dovitinib, which is a multitargeted RTK inhibitor, mostly for class III (FLT3/c-Kit) with IC50 of 1 nM/2 nM.
Toceranib(SU 11654; PHA 291639) is a kinase inhibitor with both antitumor and antiangiogenic activity through inhibition of KIT, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2, and PDGFRβ.
|Nintedanib (BIBF 1120)
Nintedanib (BIBF 1120) is a potent triple angiokinase inhibitor for VEGFR1/2/3, FGFR1/2/3 and PDGFRα/β with IC50 of 34 nM/13 nM/13 nM, 69 nM/37 nM/108 nM and 59 nM/65 nM in cell-free assays. Phase 3.
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