Brivanib alaninate is a prodrug of brivanib (BMS-540215), a potent oral VEGFR-2 inhibitor and is currently in development for the treatment of hepatocellular and colon carcinomas. In vitro and in vivo studies were conducted to characterize the preclinical pharmacokinetics and disposition of brivanib and brivanib alaninate, and antitumor efficacy in mice bearing human xenografts.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
Reversible and pH-dependent weak drug-excipient binding does not affect oral bioavailability of high dose drugs.
Narang et al. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2012 Apr;64(4):553-65. PMID: 22420661.
Acid-catalyzed hydrolysis of BMS-582664: Degradation product identification and mechanism elucidation.
Zhao et al. J Pharm Sci. 2012 Sep;101(9):3526-30. PMID: 22189636.
Phase I dose-escalation study to determine the safety, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of brivanib alaninate in combination with full-dose cetuximab in patients with advanced gastrointestinal malignancies who have failed prior therapy.
Garrett et al. Br J Cancer. 2011 Jun 28;105(1):44-52. PMID: 21629245.
|Related VEGFR/PDGFR Products|
|EG00229 Trifluoroacetate salt
EG00229 Trifluoroacetate is the first small molecule inhibitor of the neuropilin-1 and VEGF-A interaction with an IC50 of inhibition of 8 uM (125I-VEGF binding to PAE/NRP1 cells).
Apatinib is a selective VEGFR2 inhibitor with IC50 of 1 nM.
JI-101 is an orally available multi-kinase inhibitor of VEGFR2，PDGFRβ and EphB4 with potential antiangiogenic and antineoplastic activities.
BAW2881 (NVP-BAW2881) is a potent and selective VEGFR2 inhibitor with activity to inhibit chronic and acute skin inflammation.
SU 1498 is a selective inhibitor of the receptor tyrosine kinase VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2, aka FLK1; IC50 = 700 nM).
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