Brivanib alaninate is a prodrug of brivanib (BMS-540215), a potent oral VEGFR-2 inhibitor and is currently in development for the treatment of hepatocellular and colon carcinomas. In vitro and in vivo studies were conducted to characterize the preclinical pharmacokinetics and disposition of brivanib and brivanib alaninate, and antitumor efficacy in mice bearing human xenografts.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
Reversible and pH-dependent weak drug-excipient binding does not affect oral bioavailability of high dose drugs.
Narang et al. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2012 Apr;64(4):553-65. PMID: 22420661.
Acid-catalyzed hydrolysis of BMS-582664: Degradation product identification and mechanism elucidation.
Zhao et al. J Pharm Sci. 2012 Sep;101(9):3526-30. PMID: 22189636.
Phase I dose-escalation study to determine the safety, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of brivanib alaninate in combination with full-dose cetuximab in patients with advanced gastrointestinal malignancies who have failed prior therapy.
Garrett et al. Br J Cancer. 2011 Jun 28;105(1):44-52. PMID: 21629245.
|Related VEGFR/PDGFR Products|
Regorafenib (BAY 73-4506) is a multi-target inhibitor for VEGFR1, VEGFR2, VEGFR3, PDGFRβ, Kit, RET and Raf-1 with IC50 of 13 nM/4.2 nM/46 nM, 22 nM, 7 nM, 1.5 nM and 2.5 nM, respectively.
|Pazopanib HCl (GW786034 )
Pazopanib HCl (GW786034 HCl) is a novel multi-target inhibitor of VEGFR1, VEGFR2, VEGFR3, PDGFR, FGFR, c-Kit and c-Fms with IC50 of 10 nM, 30 nM, 47 nM, 84 nM, 74 nM, 140 nM and 146 nM in cell-free assays, respectively.
|Dovitinib (TKI-258) Dilactic Acid
Dovitinib Dilactic acid (TKI258 Dilactic acid) is the Dilactic acid of Dovitinib, which is a multitargeted RTK inhibitor, mostly for class III (FLT3/c-Kit) with IC50 of 1 nM/2 nM.
Toceranib(SU 11654; PHA 291639) is a kinase inhibitor with both antitumor and antiangiogenic activity through inhibition of KIT, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2, and PDGFRβ.
|Nintedanib (BIBF 1120)
Nintedanib (BIBF 1120) is a potent triple angiokinase inhibitor for VEGFR1/2/3, FGFR1/2/3 and PDGFRα/β with IC50 of 34 nM/13 nM/13 nM, 69 nM/37 nM/108 nM and 59 nM/65 nM in cell-free assays. Phase 3.
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