In vitro: BAR 501 is a selective GPBAR1 agonist devoid of FXR agonistic activity. It effectively transactivates GPBAR1 in HEK293 cells overexpressing a CRE along with GPBAR1, with an EC50 of 1 μM. Exposure of GLUTAg cells to BAR501 (10 μM) increases the expression of GLP-1 mRNA by 2.5 folds.
In vivo: Pretreating rats for 6 days with BAR501, 15 mg/kg, reduces basal portal pressure and blunts the vasoconstriction activity of norepinephrine. Pretreatment with BAR501 attenuates the hepatic vasomotor activity induced by shear stress and methoxamine. Administration of BAR501 exerts a direct vasodilatory activity in the CCl4 model. Treating mice with BAR501 at the dose of 15 mg/Kg reduces portal pressure and AST plasma levels. BAR501 attenuates endothelial dysfunction by regulating CSE expression/activity.
|Animal models||Mice bearing GM-CSF-secreting B16 tumors|
|Formulation||5% DMA, 47.5% propylene glycol|
|Dosages||75 mg/kg b.i.d|
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||10mM in DMSO|
Reversal of Endothelial Dysfunction by GPBAR1 Agonism in Portal Hypertension Involves a AKT/FOXOA1 Dependent Regulation of H2S Generation and Endothelin-1
Barbara Renga, et al. PLoS One. 2015 Nov 5;10(11): e0141082.. PMID: 26539823.
Impaired Itching Perception in Murine Models of Cholestasis Is Supported by Dysregulation of GPBAR1 Signaling.
Cipriani S, et al. PLoS One. 2015 Jul 15;10(7):e0129866. PMID: 26177448.
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