AR-A014418 is an ATP-competitive, and selective GSK3β inhibitor with IC50 and Ki of 104 nM and 38 nM, without significant inhibition on 26 other kinases tested. AR-A014418 inhibits tau phosphorylation at a GSK3-specific site (Ser-396) in 3T3 fibroblasts expressing human four-repeat tau protein with IC50 of 2.7 μM, and protects cultured N2A cells from death induced by blocking PI3K/PKB pathway. In hippocampal slices, AR-A014418 inhibits neurodegeneration mediated by beta-amyloid peptide. While in NGP and SH-5Y-SY cells, AR-A014418 reduces neuroendocrine markers and suppresses neuroblastoma cell growth. AR-A 014418, 48 hrs posttreatment, caused dose (25-100 μ M) dependent inhibition in U373 and U87 cell viability with also inhibition in activating tyrosine phosphorylation of GSK3alpha (Tyr 279) and beta (Tyr 216).
|Source||Cell Death Dis (2018). Figure 5. AR-A014418|
|Cell Lines||seipin-nKO mice|
|Incubation Time||28 days|
|Results||As shown in Fig. 5b, the level of cleaved caspase-3 (c-caspase-3) in the SN of 8-M-old seipin-nKO mice was higher than that in control mice (P < 0.01, n =6), whereas there was no significant difference between 3-M-old control mice and seipin-nKO mice|
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO 50 mg/mL|
AR-A 014418 Used against GSK3beta Downregulates Expression of hnRNPA1 and SF2/ASF Splicing Factors.
Yadav AK, et al. J Oncol. 2014. PMID: 24550987.
|Related GSK-3 Products|
6-bromoindirubin-3′-oxime (BIO) is a potent, reversible and ATP-competitive GSK-3α/β inhibitor and the first pharmacological agent shown to maintain self-renewal in human and mouse embryonic stem cells.
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CHIR 99021 trihydrochloride is a hydrochloride salt of CHIR 99021; selective GSK-3 inhibitor.
IM-12 is a potent and selective GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 53 nM, which also enhances canonical Wnt signalling.
SB415286 is a potent GSK3α inhibitor with IC50/Ki of 78 nM/31 nM with equally effective inhibition of GSK-3β.
TDZD-8 is a non-ATP competitive GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of 2 μM; minimal inhibitory effect observed on CDK1, casein kinase II, PKA and PKC.
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