20(S)-Protopanaxatriol enhanced adipogenesis by increasing the expression of PPARgamma target genes such as aP2, LPL and PEPCK. Furthermore, 20(S)-Protopanaxatriol significantly increased expression of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4).20(S)-Protopanaxatriol can be developed as a PPARgamma agonist for the improvement of insulin resistance associated with diabetes.PPD and PPT may exhibit the anxiolytic effect via γ-aminobutyrateA (GABAA) receptor(s) and serotonergic receptor(s), respectively.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of Compound A used for a mouse (20 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 20 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for Compound A of 10 mg/kg.
 He C, et al. J Pharm Biomed Anal. Identification of 20(S)-protopanaxatriol metabolites in rats by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
Cinobufotalin is a cardiotonic steroid, or butadienolide, derived from the skin secretions of toads. SREBP1 is a novel inhibitor that inhibits the proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma by targeting adipogenesis.
A 438079 is A potent, selective P2X7 receptor antagonist with A pIC50 of 6.9.
|A 438079 hydrochloride
A 438079 Hydrochloride is A potent, selective P2X7 receptor antagonist with A pIC50 of 6.9.
Abatacept is a CTLA-4 agonist that binds to antigen presenting cells CD80 and CD86, blocks costimulatory signals and inhibits T cell activation, and is used in the study of rheumatoid arthritis and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.
(-)-Taxifolin is a low activity isomer of Taxifolin. Taxifolin has important anti-tyrosinase activity. Taxifolin effectively inhibited collagenase with IC50 of 193.3 μM. Taxifolin is an important natural compound with anti-fibrosis effects. Taxifolin is a free radical scavenger with antioxidant capacity.
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