Tranylcypromine hemisulfate is an irreversible, nonselective MAO inhibitor. Tranylcypromine is used as an antidepressant and anxiolytic agent in the clinical treatment of mood and anxiety disorders, respectively. Tranylcypromine (100 μM) significantly protects RGCs from glutamate neurotoxicity-induced apoptosis as well as apoptosis induced by oxidative stress. Tranylcypromine promotes mitogen-activated protein kinase 12 (p38 MAPKγ) expression under conditions of glutamate (Glu)-induced stress.
Tranylcypromine (500 mM) injection exerts neuroprotective effects within intracellular apoptotic signaling pathways and suppresses morphologic changes in the retina of the rat, suppresses caspase 3 activity and recovers p38 MAPKγ expression in the retina after NMDA-induced injury, and enhances RGC survival after retinal injury via the attenuation of NMDA neurotoxicity. Tranylcypromine (10 µg/g) causes an approximate and significant doubling of labeled cells in the combined brain regions examined, as detected by BrdU immunohistochemistry.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||Water: ≥ 30 mg/mL (Need ultrasonic)|
Potential Neuroprotective Effects of an LSD1 Inhibitor in Retinal Ganglion Cells via p38 MAPK Activity.
Tsutsumi T, et al. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2016 Nov 1;57(14):6461-6473. PMID: 27893888.
Tranylcypromine, a lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) inhibitor, suppresses lesion growth and improves generalized hyperalgesia in mouse with induced endometriosis.
Sun Q, et al. Reprod Biol Endocrinol. 2016 Apr 9;14:17. PMID: 27062244.
Neuroprotective effects of the monoamine oxidase inhibitor tranylcypromine and its amide derivatives against Aβ(1-42)-induced toxicity.
Caraci F, et al. Eur J Pharmacol. 2015 Oct 5;764:256-63. PMID: 26162702.
|Related Monoamine Oxidase Products|
|Phenelzine sulfate salt
Phenelzine sulfate is a non-selective MAO-A/B inhibitor.
Radafaxine Hcl(BW-306U; GW-353162A) is a potent metabolite of bupropion; selective for inhibiting the reuptake of norepinephrine over dopamine; DAT (dopamine transporter) and NET(norepinephrine transporter) transporters inhibitor, and nAChR family modulator.
Pargyline hydrochloride is an irreversible inhibitor of monoamine oxidase (MAO) that is used clinically to treat moderate hypertension.
Iproniazid is a non-selective, irreversible monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) of the hydrazine class.
Safinamide is a highly selective and reversible monoamine oxidase type B (MAO-B) inhibitor.
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