Thiamine (vitamin B1) was the first vitamin discovered, leading to the concept of vitamins. Thiamine chloride —the biologically active form of vitamin B1—is vital for all cellular life because it is a co-factor for several essential enzymes.
|Animal models||weaning male Wistar rats|
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||50 mg/mL in water|
Alternatives to vitamin B1 uptake revealed with discovery of riboswitches in multiple marine eukaryotic lineages.
McRose D, et al. ISME J. 2014 Dec;8(12):2517-29. PMID: 25171333.
The body vitamin B1 levels of rats fed a diet containing the minimum requirement of vitamin B1 is reduced by exercise.
Shibata K, et al. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). 2013;59(2):87-92. PMID: 23727637.
Cenerimod (ACT-334441) is a potent and orally available sphingosine 1-phosphate 1 receptor (S1P1) agonist extracted from patent WO 2016184939 A1 and WO 2011007324 A1, example 1, with an EC50 of 2.7 nM.
G007-LK is a potent and selective inhibitor of TNKS1 and TNKS2, with IC50s of 46 nM and 25 nM, respectively.
Farampator (CX-691;Org24448) is an AMPA receptor positive modulator.
N-Acetylneuraminic acid is a nine-carbon, sialic acid monosaccharide commonly found in glycoproteins on cell membranes and in glycolipids such as gangliosides in mammalian cells. Studies suggest that N-Acetylneuraminic acid is useful biologically in neurotransmission, leukocyte extravasation, viral or bacterial infections and carbohydrate-protein recognition.
Acebilustat is a leukotriene A4 hydrolase inhibitor, used for an oral antiinflammatory drug.
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