Quercetin significantly down regulates myofibroblast differentiation and fibrotic markers, such as α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and Collagen III (Col III), in both HCFs and HKCs. Collagen III secretion was reduced 80% in both HCFs and HKCs following Quercetin treatment.Furthermore, Quercetin reduced lactate production by HKCs to normal HCF levels. Quercetin down regulated TGF-βR2 and TGF-β2 expression in HKCs suggesting a significant link to the TGF-β pathway. Quercetin is a key regulator of fibrotic markers and ECM assembly by modulating cellular metabolism and TGF-β signaling. Quercetin strongly abrogated PI3K and Src kinases, mildly inhibited Akt1/2, and slightly affected PKC, p38 and ERK1/2. Quercetin or the combined use of adenosine diphosphate and thromboxane A(2) inhibitors abrogated platelet spreading on these surfaces to a similar extent. The inhibitory effect of quercetin on platelet kinases blocks early signaling events preventing a complete platelet spreading. PKC inhibitors H-7 and quercetin protect BPAEC from TNF induced injuries and PKC play an important role in EC activation by TNF.
|Animal models||Mice bearing LNCaP xenografts or PC-3 xenografts|
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO 60 mg/mL|
Quercetin attenuates lactate production and extracellular matrix secretion in keratoconus.
McKay TB, et al. Sci Rep. 2015 Mar 11;5:9003. PMID: 25758533.
Effect of quercetin on platelet spreading on collagen and fibrinogen and on multiple platelet kinases.
Navarro-Núñez L, et al. Fitoterapia. 2010 Mar;81(2):75-80. PMID: 19686810.
[Inhibitory effects of protein kinase C inhibitors on tumor necrosis factor induced bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cell injuries].
Yu XB, et al. Yao Xue Xue Bao. 1996;31(3):176-81. PMID: 9206266.
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