In Vitro: D-luciferin is the natural substrate of the enzyme luciferase (Luc), that catalyzes the production of the typical yellowgreen light of fireflies.
In Vivo: The total signal intensity is plotted against the time after D-luciferin injection to generate a time-intensity curve. In addition to the peak signal, the signals at fixed time points (5, 10, 15, and 20 min) after D-luciferin injection are determined as alternatives to the peak signal.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||Water 6 mg/mL|
Timing of imaging after d-luciferin injection affects the longitudinal assessment of tumor growth using in vivo bioluminescence imaging.
Inoue Y, et al. Int J Biomed Imaging. 2010;2010:471408. PMID: 20671955.
LB-100 is a water soluble protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) inhibitor, with IC50 of 0.85 μM and 3.87 μM in BxPc-3 and Panc-1 cells.
Compstatinis is a 13-residue cyclic peptide, binds to complement component C3 and inhibits complement activation with IC50 of 12 μM.
Azaserine is an inhibitor of the rate limiting step of the hexosamine biosynthethic pathway (HBP) and an irreversible inhibitor of GGT1 (gamma-Glutamyltranspeptidase).
TM6008 is a novel PHD inhibitor, which inhibited PHD and stabilized HIF activity in vitro.
ASP9521 is a novel, selective, orally bioavailable inhibitor of 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 5 (17βHSD5; AKR1C3).
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