Camphor is a waxy, flammable, white or transparent solid with a strong aroma, often used to relieve pain, reduce itching and treat fungal infections. It can activate TRPV1 and TRPV3.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||30 mg/mL in DMSO|
Camphor--a fumigant during the Black Death and a coveted fragrant wood in ancient Egypt and Babylon--a review.
Chen W, et al. Molecules. 2013 May 10;18(5):5434-54. PMID: 23666009.
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Diphenyleneiodonium chloride (DPI) is an irreversible inhibitor of iNOS and eNOS with IC50 values of 50 nM and 0.3 µM, respectively.
Probenecid is a classical competitive inhibitor of organic anion transport, which is also a TRPV2 agonist and an inhibitor of TAS2R16.
Icilin is a synthetic super-agonist of the transient receptor potential M8 (TRPM8) ion channel.
AMG 517 is a potent and selective TRPV1 antagonist, antagonizes capsaicin, proton, and heat activation of TRPV1 with IC50 of 0.76 nM, 0.62 nM and 1.3 nM.
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