Arachidonic acid is subsequently metabolized to prostaglandins and thromboxanes by at least two cyclooxygenase (COX) isoforms, to leukotrienes and lipoxins by lipoxygenases, and to epoxyeicosatrienoic acids via cytochrome p450-catalyzed metabolism. Arachidonic acid and its metabolites play important roles in a variety of biological processes, including signal transduction, smooth muscle contraction, chemotaxis, cell proliferation and differentiation, and apoptosis. Arachidonic acid has been demonstrated to bind to the a subunit of G protein and inhibit the activity of Ras GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs). Cellular uptake of Arachidonic acid is energy dependent and involves protein-facilitated transport across the plasma membrane.
Arachidonic acid stimulates adhesion of MDA-MB-435 human metastatic cancer cells to extracellular matrix molecules (collagen IV and vitronectin) .
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO: ≥ 30 mg/mL|
|Storage||-20°C, dry, sealed|
Dietary supplementation with arachidonic acid increases arachidonic acid content in paw, but does not affect arthritis severity or prostaglandin E2 content in rat adjuvant-induced arthritis model.
Tateishi N, et al. Lipids Health Dis. 2015 Jan 16;14:3. PMID: 25595700.
S107 is a Type 1 ryanodine receptor (RyR1) stabilizer.
3,3’,5,5’-Tetramethylbenzidine(TMB) is a chromogenic substrate used in staining procedures in immunohistochemistry as well as being a visualising reagent used in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA).
Coelenterazine is the luciferin, the light-emitting molecule, used for monitoring reporter genes in BRET, ELISA and HTS techniques.
Fluorescein is a synthetic organic compound and dye.
SBI-0640756 is a first-in-class inhibitor that targets eIF4G1 and disrupts the eIF4F complex.
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