Potent inhibitor, in vivo and in vitro, of mammalian, fungal and Saccharomyces cervisiae squalene synthase. Squalene synthase is the first committed enzyme in sterol synthesis, catalyzing the reductive condensation of farnesyl pyrophosphate to form squalene. As a squalene synthase inhibitor, zaragozic acid produces lower plasma cholesterol levels in primates. Treatment of rats with zaragozic acid A caused an increase in hepatic low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor mRNA levels.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
Dithiothreitol (DTT) is the common name for a small-molecule redox reagent known as Cleland's reagent; as a reducing or "deprotecting" agent for thiolated DNA.
SAR7334 is a novel, highly potent and bioavailable inhibitor of TRPC6 channels.
FICZ is a potent aryl hydrogen receptor (AhR) agonist.
NAD+ is a coenzyme composed of ribosylnicotinamide 5'-diphosphate coupled to adenosine 5'-phosphate by pyrophosphate linkage.
STING-Inducer-1 (ML RR-S2 CDA) is an inducer of STING (stimulator of interferon genes).
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