In vitro: XL765 is active against class I PI3K (IC50 = 39, 113, 9 and 43 nM for p110α, β, γ and δ, respectively). XL765 also inhibits DNA-PK (IC50 = 150 nM) and mTOR (IC50 = 157 nM) but not XL-147 which shows IC50 values of > 15 μM. XL765 treatment results in decreased cell viability in 13 PDA cell lines in a dose-dependent manner. XL765, a dual-target PI3K/mTOR inhibitor, inhibits cell growth and apoptosis in many more cell lines and at lower concentrations as compared to the PI3K-selective inhibitors XL147 and PIK90. The effect can be recapitulated by using combinations of single-targeted compounds. XL765 significantly reduces phosphorylation of the mTOR targets S6, S6K, and 4EBP1, which is associated with greater apoptosis induction rather than to PI3K inhibition alone. XL765 treatment causes accumulation of autophagosomes in MIAPaCa-2 cells, and results in significant dose-dependent AVO induction and LC3-II stimulation in MIAPaCa-2 cells stably expressing a LC3-GFP construct. In vivo: The combination of XL765 (30 mg/kg) with chloroquine (50 mg/kg) results in significant inhibition of BxPC-3 xenograft growth in mice models, while XL765 alone at the same dose has no inhibitory effect. Oral administration of XL765 results in greater than 12-fold reduction in median tumor bioluminescence compared to control and improvement in median survival in nude mice implanted intracranially with GBM 39-luc cells. XL765 in combination with temozolomide (TMZ) yields a 140-fold reduction in median bioluminescence with a trend toward improvement in median survival compared with TMZ alone.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||12 mg/mL in DMSO|
Phase Ib trial of the PI3K/mTOR inhibitor voxtalisib (SAR245409) in combination with chemoimmunotherapy in patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell malignancies.
Awan FT, et al. Br J Haematol. 2016 Oct;175(1):55-65. PMID: 27293194.
Phase I dose-escalation study of the PI3K/mTOR inhibitor voxtalisib (SAR245409, XL765) plus temozolomide with or without radiotherapy in patients with high-grade glioma.
Wen PY, et al. Neuro Oncol. 2015 Sep;17(9):1275-83. PMID: 26019185.
|Related PI3K Products|
IPI-3063 is a potent and selective p110δ inhibitor with biochemical IC50 of 2.5 ± 1.2 nM and IC50 values for the other class I PI3K isoforms (p110α, p110β, p110γ) are at least 400-fold higher.
GDC-0084 is a brain penetrant inhibitor of PI3K and mTOR.
GNE-317 is a potent, brain-penetrant PI3K inhibitor.
Serabelisib (INK-1117,MLN-1117,TAK-117) is a potent and selective oral PI3Kα isoform inhibitor (IC50 of 21 nmol/L against PI3Kα) that has demonstrated > 100-fold selectivity relative to other class I PI3K family members (PI3Kβ/γ/δ) and mTOR, and a high degree of selectivity against many other kinase.
SF2523 is a highly selective and potent inhibitor of PI3K with IC50 values of 34 nM, 158 nM, 9 nM, 241 nM and 280 nM for PI3Kα, PI3Kγ, DNA-PK, BRD4 and mTOR, respectively.
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