In vitro: XL765 is active against class I PI3K (IC50 = 39, 113, 9 and 43 nM for p110α, β, γ and δ, respectively). XL765 also inhibits DNA-PK (IC50 = 150 nM) and mTOR (IC50 = 157 nM) but not XL-147 which shows IC50 values of > 15 μM. XL765 treatment results in decreased cell viability in 13 PDA cell lines in a dose-dependent manner. XL765, a dual-target PI3K/mTOR inhibitor, inhibits cell growth and apoptosis in many more cell lines and at lower concentrations as compared to the PI3K-selective inhibitors XL147 and PIK90. The effect can be recapitulated by using combinations of single-targeted compounds. XL765 significantly reduces phosphorylation of the mTOR targets S6, S6K, and 4EBP1, which is associated with greater apoptosis induction rather than to PI3K inhibition alone. XL765 treatment causes accumulation of autophagosomes in MIAPaCa-2 cells, and results in significant dose-dependent AVO induction and LC3-II stimulation in MIAPaCa-2 cells stably expressing a LC3-GFP construct. In vivo: The combination of XL765 (30 mg/kg) with chloroquine (50 mg/kg) results in significant inhibition of BxPC-3 xenograft growth in mice models, while XL765 alone at the same dose has no inhibitory effect. Oral administration of XL765 results in greater than 12-fold reduction in median tumor bioluminescence compared to control and improvement in median survival in nude mice implanted intracranially with GBM 39-luc cells. XL765 in combination with temozolomide (TMZ) yields a 140-fold reduction in median bioluminescence with a trend toward improvement in median survival compared with TMZ alone.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||12 mg/mL in DMSO|
Phase Ib trial of the PI3K/mTOR inhibitor voxtalisib (SAR245409) in combination with chemoimmunotherapy in patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell malignancies.
Awan FT, et al. Br J Haematol. 2016 Oct;175(1):55-65. PMID: 27293194.
Phase I dose-escalation study of the PI3K/mTOR inhibitor voxtalisib (SAR245409, XL765) plus temozolomide with or without radiotherapy in patients with high-grade glioma.
Wen PY, et al. Neuro Oncol. 2015 Sep;17(9):1275-83. PMID: 26019185.
|Related PI3K Products|
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PIK-III (also known as VPS34-IN2) is a potent and selective inhibitor of VPS34 enzymatic activity, with IC50s of 18 nM and 1.2 μM for VPS34 and PI(3)Kδ, respectively.
LY3023414 is a selective ATP-competitive inhibitor of PI3Kα and mTOR, DNA-PK, and other class I PI3K family members.
SAR405 is a PIK3C3/Vps34 inhibitor with an IC50 of 1.2 nM. SAR405 also is a proximal inhibitor of the autophagy machinery.
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