Post hoc analysis shows that the prototypic non-peptide CRF1 receptor antagonist NBI30775 (R121919) and Verucerfont are both significantly different from vehicle, CP-316 311, and pexacerfont (P<0.001 for all comparisons collapse across time-points); the latter three treatments in turn do not differ from each other. A differential effect of treatments over time is also shown by a significant treatment×time interaction (F[20,140]=6.4, P<0.001). Accordingly, detailed Post hoc analysis shows that both NBI30775 and Verucerfont inhibit ACTH release throughout the following 6 h of measurement (P<0.001 vs vehicle at each time-point, and vs the respective pretreatment baseline)
|Animal models||Male Sprague-Dawley rats|
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
The CRF1 Antagonist Verucerfont in Anxious Alcohol-Dependent Women: Translation of Neuroendocrine, But not of Anti-Craving Effects.
Schwandt ML, et al. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2016 Nov;41(12):2818-2829. PMID: 27109623.
Behavioral, biological, and chemical perspectives on targeting CRF(1) receptor antagonists to treat alcoholism.
Zorrilla EP, et al. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013 Mar 1;128(3):175-86. PMID: 23294766.
NSC 23766 is an inhibitor of Rac GTPase targeting Rac activation by guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) with IC50 of ~50 μM in a cell-free assay; does not inhibit the closely related targets, Cdc42 or RhoA.
Budesonide is a GC steroid commonly used for the treatment of asthma and non-infectious rhinitis.
Brequinar is a potent inhibitor of dihydroorotate dehydrogenase, with potent activities against a broad spectrum of viruses.
Laropiprant is a potent, selective DP1 receptor antagonist with Ki value of 0.57 nM, and exhibits > 1,000 fold selectivity over DP2 receptor (Ki=0.75 μM).
Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) are peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ agonists that improve insulin-mediated glucose uptake and possess beneficial vasculoprotective actions.
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