Vandetanib is an inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), and rearranged during transfection (RET) tyrosine kinases. Vandetanib inhibits VEGF-, EGF- and bFGF-stimulated HUVEC proliferation with IC50 of 60 nM, 170 nM and 800 nM, with no effect on basal endothelial cell growth. Vandetanib inhibits tumor cell growth with IC50 of 2.7 μM (A549) to 13.5 μM (Calu-6). Vandetanib causes an accumulation of cells in the G0-G1 phases in GEO and OVCAR-3 cells and increases apoptosis in OVCAR-3, ZR-75-1, MCF-10A ras, and GEO cells. Vandetanib (12.5-100 mg/kg, orally) shows great tumor growth inhibition in human tumor xenografts including Calu-6, PC-3, MDA-MA-231, SKOV-3, SW620, A549, A431, B16-F10(AP3) and Lewis Lung, with little effects on body weight. CYP3A4 inhibitors do not significantly increase vandetanib concentrations, presumably because it is also metabolised by flavin containing monooxygenase 1 (FMO1) and 3. Vandetanib plus docetaxel led to a significant improvement in PFS versus placebo plus docetaxel (hazard ratio [HR] 0.79, 97.58% CI 0.70-0.90; p<0.0001).
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
Vandetanib plus docetaxel versus docetaxel as second-line treatment for patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (ZODIAC): a double-blind, randomised, phase 3 trial.
Herbst RS, et al. Lancet Oncol. 2010 Jul;11(7):619-26. PMID: 20570559.
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